Cultural heritage

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5. Cultural heritage - Department of Planning and Community Development The Minister for Planning has issued Terms of Reference, under which the Assessment Committee will assess the CIS and submissions in response.

Extract: (7) Terms of Reference: Conduct a Public Hearing, in accordance with Division 2 of Part 8 of the Act, to hear properly made submissions confined to the following matters.

(7) (e) Whether the impacts of the project on cultural heritage places have been appropriately addressed.


Contents

EWL CIS documents for reference

All CIS documents

Extract - Overview

The project would have some adverse impacts on historical heritage. These impacts would vary in their extent and severity depending on the proposed works and their locations. Proposed works would include the construction of project infrastructure (such as ventilation structures, elevated ramps and roads) within close proximity to heritage items. In addition, to facilitate the construction of the project, a number of buildings would need to be demolished, many of which are located within HO precincts. Vibration from construction activities may also impact on heritage items or buildings if not managed appropriately. Heritage assets in Victoria are managed under the Heritage Act 1995 and the Planning and Environment Act 1987 (discussed further in Section 9.2.1). Heritage assets that would be impacted by the construction and operation of the project are outlined in Table 9-1. Additional listed sites within the vicinity of the project that would not be affected are listed below the table. Heritage sites within and adjacent to the project boundary are shown on Figure 9-1 and Figure 9-2.


Cultural heritage draft submission notes

How does the heritage study in the CIS stack up? Does it identify all the heritage imapacts?


Enter your notes here.

Royal Park

Cutting

Tunnel will destroy a Registered Geology Society of Australia railway cutting, created in 1850.

Ross Straw Field

Stage One will destroy Ross Straw Field, Melbourne's first purpose build baseball diamond.

Essendon Community Garden

East-west link: Gardeners ramp up road campaign 2 December 2013 Moonee Valley volunteers fear the future of one of Victoria’s oldest community gardens will be threatened by an off-ramp proposed for the east-west link.

The Essendon Community Garden was established in 1978 and is the second-oldest garden of its type in Victoria, behind one in Nunawading. The nine-metre ramp will be directly north-east of the garden and take about 10 square metres of the land for construction. But Essendon Garden committee vice-president John Hassell says volunteers are more concerned that overshadowing will harm the growth of the more than 75 vegetation plots.

He estimates about 12 plots near the ramp will be severely disadvantaged with access to sunlight cut to just six hours in summer and denied all day during winter.

The garden grows seasonal organic vegetables for more than 80 residents and families in Moonee Valley, many of them retired or elderly pensioners. “It needs to be preserved because the community comes together in the garden and for many people who may be isolated it’s a social meeting place that gives them a lot of happiness,” Mr Hassell said. The committee wanted the ramp to be moved farther to the east. He said the committee was prepared to fight the proposal and had already made a submission opposing the ramp. Roger Exell, who has been involved in the garden since it was established, also has concerns about the noise and pollution. “When they construct it, the workers will have to come into the garden to build it because there is an embankment down to the creek,” he said. “There will be heavy equipment, dust and pollution for long periods of time, and damage is likely to occur.”

Collingwood

Bendigo Street

Removal of half the street, with house on the western side left to face the Hoddle Street offramp and flyover

Collingwood residents up in the air with East-West Link 15 July, 2013 Up to 250 Collingwood residents have received a letter from the East-West Link authority raising concerns that their homes may be affected by the East-West Link road tunnel. Keith Fitzgerald has been living in Bendigo Street, Collingwood, for 69 years, after moving in when he was just a one year old. He told 3AW’s Ross and John that the letter did not state the words "compulsory acquisition" however it has left the local residents up in the air as to what might lay ahead. “A lot of the residents around here are just holding back, they’re going to come out individually and speak to you at your house they seem to think,” he said.

The whole of the east side of Bendigo St and three houses in Hotham St are to be demolished. This area is covered by Gold St Heritage Overlay 321. The following Victorian and Edwardian houses are rated as contributory.

  • 2A Bendigo St
  • 4 Bendigo St
  • 6 Bendigo St
  • 8 Bendigo St
  • 12 Bendigo St
  • 22 Bendigo St
  • 24 Bendigo St
  • 108 Hotham St
  • 110 Hotham St
  • 112 Hotham St

Clifton Hill

"Whereas much of Collingwood and Fitzroy had been laid out by speculators anxious to sell their blocks, Clifton Hill was a professionally laid out suburb. As a result, Smith and Hoddle Streets were extended north to connect with Heidelberg Road (now Queens Parade), land was reserved for public recreation purposes, and according to Ward 'planning of Clifton Hill was to proceed on a more organised basis than that of the municipality south of Alexandra Parade.'65 The Proeschel 'Map of Collingwood' 1854 (Fig. 3) shows the area of Clifton Hill, north of Great Ryrie Street (now Keele Street),largely as open paddocks, or land, and with Gold, Ballarat, Alexander, Forest and Bendigo ™ Streets having already been formed, and named after the principal goldfields. At this time it was proposed to extend Wellington Street north to Heidelberg Road and to construct a major road running east from the corner of Heidelberg Road and Smith Streets; had it been constructed, it would have bisected the Darling Gardens which had not yet been reserved. During the next years controversy ensued as different factions proposed different routes major thoroughfares through the municipality, and different sites for bridges across the Yarra were put forward. The north was agin the south and the 'Flat' agin the 'Slope'; issues of drainage, street construction and a commercial centre were all seen to benefit one faction to the detriment of another. In relation to Clifton Hill, Barrett reports that the Reilly Street drain, now under Alexandra Parade, was intended to drain the Crown land in Clifton Hill, thus increasing land values and hence enabling profitable sales to developers. However, this vain hope was soon dashed when the drain overflowed onto the Collingwood Flat in the first winter after it was constructed.[66] It continued to be a hazard as 'occasionally someone fell in and was drowned.'[67] Nevertheless the vision of urban improvement advanced as the Kearney plan of 1855 shows (Fig. 4)." City of Yarra Heritage Review: Heritage Overlay Precincts, 2007, Allom Lovell

"The most intact streetscapes within the Precinct are Hodgkinson and Wellington Streets, and North Terrace, all of which contain no or very little non-heritage building stock. Also very intact are Noone Street (north side), Hilton Street (north of Council Street), Council Street (east of Reeves Street). Less intact streetscapes are Gold Street and South Terrace the latter having been eroded by flats."City of Yarra Heritage Review: Heritage Overlay Precincts, 2007, Allom Lovell (Now Lovell Chen)

Wellington Street

The most intact street in the heritage precinct will suffer the most damage. The reason for the destruction is cost saving and this aspect of the proposal cannot be supported.

Nearly all the houses to be demolished are contributory and from a similar period.

"Building commenced earlier on the west side than the east side, shortly after Wellington St was extended through to Heidelberg road in the 1870s. However until the 1880s Wellington St was sparsely populated and dominated by the State School which opened in 1874" [Collingwood Historical Society, 35th Annual History Walk, 9 November 2013]

Destruction of an historic row cannot be supported under any heritage controls.

That the destruction is only required for temporary works shows a complete lack of respect for the heritage precinct, the people who live there, and the people who appreciate the cultural heritage of the inner suburbs. The loss will be felt for generations, just as earlier vandalism by Vic Roads thirty years ago is still felt and discussed in the community

The scars will not just be in the intact historic urban fabric, but emotional as well. The emotional impact of the destruction is an aspect the proponent has so far refused to engage with.


Houses Proposed to be demolished in Wellington St

The following buildings to be demolished with the exception of number 406 Wellington St are Victorian houses and shops included as contributory elements in Clifton Hill Western Heritage Overlay HO317 [Collingwood Historical Society, History Walk, based on CIS documents]

East Side

  • 420 Wellington St (probably the first house on this side, ca. 1879, with a small factory used for making confectionery by Robert Simpson, and a shop at the front, since removed and the existing verandah constructed)
  • 418 Wellington St (Robert Simpson later lived in this rather grander house but may have continued using his factory at the rear of the neighbouring house)
  • 416 Wellington St (contributory)
  • 414 Wellington St (contributory)
  • 406 A and B Wellington St (contributory)
  • 406 Wellington St (not contributory)

West Side

  • 367 Wellington St (contributory)
  • 365 Wellington St (contributory)
  • 363 Wellington St (contributory)
  • 361 Wellington St (contributory)
  • 363 Wellington St (contributory)
  • 361 Wellington St (contributory)
  • 359 Wellington St (contributory)
  • 357 Wellington St (contributory)
  • 355 Wellington St (contributory)

Gold Street

Refer to Yarra Council - Heritage Precincts - HO321 Gold Street Precinct, Collingwood

Provans Timber

From Provans Timber - history

The foundations of Provans Timber and Hardware, can be traced back to Melbourne of the 1880s. Near the end of that decade, David Provan commenced work in Fitzroy at John Stone & Co., Timber Merchants of Abbotsford. He became the joinery foreman, but with an eye to the future, he and two workmates agreed to establish their own business at the first opportunity. In 1903 the partners opened Mulready, Provan and Clarke. Their yard was located on the south side of Alexandra Parade where the British United factory now stands, and also at Fitzroy railway siding. The business thrived over the next 20 years. But on October 27, 1923, disaster struck. Fire destroyed the yard and badly damaged the mill. The damage was estimated at 25,000 pounds, and while insurance was paid, talks were held whether to carry on. Mr Clarke, an older man, decided to withdraw, as did Mr Mulready. They were paid out and David Provan, with the help of sons Bob and Ed, restarted as David Provan and Sons. From among the ashes, a saw bench was salvaged and a considerable amount of timber, which was re-cut. A businessman named MacRobertson had just built a new factory in Smith Street, for which Provans had done the joinery work. Mr MacRobertson allowed Provans use of space within his factory until their premises at 62 Alexandra Parade were ready. Within a year, they relocated to where the business stands today. They also had two hardwood yards, on Alexandra Parade, between Blanche and Emma Streets, and on the Alexandra Parade/Gold Street corner. When David Provan died in 1931, youngest son Albert joined the business and he Bob and Ed ran it together. Bob died in 1961 and Ed and Bert carried on. There were 13 grandchildren, of which six boys did their apprenticeship in the business. By the time Ed was 66, all six had left to start their own businesses, and Ed and Bert felt it was time to sell. The Rosenberg family bought the business and property in 1966, and still own it today.

Shot Tower

Clifton Hill Shot Tower is a 80 metre (263 ft) tall shot tower on Clifton Hill in Melbourne, Australia. Clifton Hill Shot Tower was built beside Alexandra Parade in 1882 and resembles a chimney. The tower was operated by the Coops family, who also managed Coops Shot Tower, now greatly shortened and located within the Melbourne Central Shopping Centre. The shot tower is easily visible from both Alexandra Parade and the northern end of Hoddle Street, as well as the Darling Gardens and Gold Street Primary School. The shot tower is on the Victorian Heritage Register. It is the tallest structure by far in this area.

Landmarks and Tall Structures

This policy is Clause 22.03 of the Yarra Planning Scheme.

"Objective: To maintain the prominence of culturally valued landmarks and landmark signs.

It is policy that:

  • The prominence of landmark signs be maintained.

ƒ*Views to the silhouette and profile of culturally valued landmarks be protected to ensure they remain as the principal built form reference.

  • The profile and silhouette of new tall structures add to the interest of the City’s urban form and skyline.

ƒ New buildings within the vicinity of the following landmarks must be designed to ensure the landmarks remain as the principal built reference:

  • ƒShot tower, Alexandra Parade, Clifton Hill
  • Spire of St Johns, Queens Parade, Clifton Hill

The shot tower itself is under immediate danger from being undermined during construction. If it survives the construction it will be competing with the equally tall "Eastern Gateway" proposed to show off the new tunnel.


The Urban Design Chapter of the CIS has this to offer:

Urban Design Aspirations

The following project-specific urban design aspirations apply to the whole of the project,"

A sequence of significant landmarks – the Eastern Gateway at the Eastern Freeway, the Melbourne Gateway at CityLink, and the Western Gateway at Footscray Road / Docklands Highway"

"Landscape character and visual benefits and opportunities at a regional level ... include a redefined northern edge of inner Melbourne and new urban landmarks (including major new urban gateways)" - CIS Chapter 10.
"Urban design possibilities for the eastern portal include enhancing awareness of the east-west journey, contributing to local identify (including taking into account the Shot Tower) and providing a shared user path or open space over the portal." - CIS Chapter 10.
"Locally responsive, sensitive landscape and architectural design solutions that provide positive benefits"
"Potential visual dominance of the new elevated road infrastructure"

Towering design elements are not appropriate for Clifton Hill or Collingwood. The area already has a shot tower to define the gateway. The tower is protected by the Victorian Heritage Register and views to it is protected by the Landscapes and Tall Structures policy.

The suggestion in the Urban Design Chapter that the area would be improved by a new "Gateway", indicates a lack of understanding of the existing urban area they are seeking to improve, nor or how it is valued. The Eastern Gateway design response is a cookie cutter approach from other major road projects that is completely inappropriate in this context. The tall elements will add to the perceived noise levels, while the additional lighting will have an amenity impact on residents, waste electricity, and spill into Yarra Bend Park, inner Melbourne's most natural park.

The urban fabric of this area is rich in history, art and culture. It is small scale, organic, chaotic. Think bluestone lanes rather than skyscrapers. Sadly, the tower element has been conceived to take the eye away from the exceedingly ugly flyover proposed for this valley.

The ventilation shaft also needs to be kept as far away from the shot tower as possible. It should also be kept as far away from historic Gold Street as possible, and preferably in the freeway reserve rather than on a densely populated residential street. The ventilation tower, signifying addiction to twentieth century fossil fuelled air polluting transport technologies will inevitably be a more fitting monument to this project. The project would be improved without a gateway element and without a flyover in the Clifton Hill interchange.

Alexandra Parade

Historic Elms Historic reserve in Alexandra Parade Historic mailbox near Wellington Street.

"Alexandra Parade is one of Melbourne's ugliest roads." - Dr Maxwell Lay, VicRoads director in East-west Link Will Drive Melbourne Renewal, The Age October 30, 2013.

Is Alexandra Parade ugly, or is it the noise and air pollution that's ugly. The cars will still be there after the tunnel opens. The Parade was beautified pre-war. It is hard to appreciate this through all the smog and noise today.

Will a heritage precinct such as Alexandra Parade benefit from VicRoads' monumentalist urban renewal program?

To be demolished

  • 56 Alexandra Parade (not contributory)
  • 58 Alexandra Parade (contributory)
  • 60 Alexandra Parade (contributory)
  • 64 Alexandra Parade. Provan’s Timber; former Box Hair Curling Works; former Clifton Wheel Co.

Around Hoddle Street

Significant buildings near the intersection of Hoddle Street and Alexandra Parade. These are not currently in the reference project boundary, but could be at risk if there are design changes.

  • 174 Alexandra Parade site of Hall Brothers wool scourers
  • 457 Hoddle St William Murray & Co wool works. Individually Significant HO 89
  • 408-420 Hoddle St former Llewellyn’s Shoe Factory. Individually Significant HO 316
  • 380-406 Hoddle St former Clifton Hill Shoe Co (now Schott’s). Individually Significant HO 316
  • 376-378 Hoddle St former Rampling & Hall shoe factory
  • 324-326 and 316 Hoddle St former C. Trescowthick shoe factory. Individually Significant HO 19

Reilly Street Drain

Reilly Street Drain: work commenced on this drain in 1856 and completed in 1908, it took 52 years to build.

Former Gas & Fuel Valve House

Collingwood Gas Works in Smith Street, opened in 1861 [Clifton Hill Western Precinct, Statement of Significance] The valve house at the corner of George Street is covered by a Heritage Overlay. Risk of impacts from construction activity.

Prefabricated Corrugated Iron building with barrel roof

Adjacent to the Gas & Fuel site project boundary in Council depot.

"Prof Miles Lewis addressing the FHS, on 31 July 2010 informed the group of the existence of the only remaining example of a prefabricated iron building of this type in the world. This building, the JH Porter store, sits on the Council depot in Queens Pde, North Fitzroy. It was manufactured in 1853. Prof Lewis considers it to be of world heritage importance and eminently worthy of preservation.

On 17th August [2010], Councillor Jackie Fristacky and several members of the society visited the prefabricated iron store. We are grateful to Councillor Fristacky and the council officers for facilitating the visit and were heartened by the notice attached to the store advising of its historic importance and the need to protect it. We look forward to liaising further with the council over the future of this important structure in the hope it can be integrated into the forthcoming redevelopmnet of the depot site. [Tim Gatehouse. Fitzroy History Society Newsletter September 2010]

Yarra Bend Park

Merri Creek

Yarra Bend Park Aboriginal History, Parks Victoria, 2008

Junction with Yarra River was moved in 1977. Site of the aboriginal school. Increased Overshadowing. Existing light between the bridges will be blocked.

A Bend in the Yarra: A history of the Merri Creek Protectorate Station and Merri Creek Aboriginal School 1841–1851

The Yarra Bend Park marks one of the most important post-contact places in the Melbourne metropolitan area, and is of great significance to Victorian Aboriginal people, particularly the Wurundjeri Aboriginal community. At this site was located the Merri Creek Aboriginal School, the Merri Creek Protectorate Station, the Native Police Corps Headquarters and associated Aboriginal burials. The historical landscape marks one of the most significant post-contact Aboriginal places in the Melbourne metropolitan area. The confluence continued to hold significance to Aboriginal people after the 1840s, linking pre- and post-contact histories and geographies. The place has added importance in the early twenty first century, as Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australian address the legacies of our contact past.

Wurundjeri-willam: Aboriginal Heritage of Merri Creek

Merri Creek Protectorate Station

A Bend in the Yarra, Clark & Heydon, ch. 5, ISBN 978 0 85575 469

Residents Against the Tunnel - Cultural heritage

Points on cultural heritage for CIS submission


The proposed East West link will:

  • destroy the remnant bushland in West Royal Park – the only area of this kind of vegetation left in Melbourne;
  • undermine the Royal Park Wetlands, which supply water for Melbourne’s parks and street trees and for the Royal Park Golf, including the vast water storage tanks under the Ross Straw field. This will affect not only Royal Park itself but all the city parklands that rely on the water storage;
  • destroy a Registered Geology Society of Australia railway cutting, created in 1850. In conjunction with the Royal Park Railway Station cutting, this is one of the traditional teaching sites for geology in Melbourne. The site displays palaeo-landsurfaces, weathering, fossils, an unconformity and a disconformity

The CIS fails to address the following issues in regard to cultural heritage:

Proper assessment of impacts on the Melbourne cemetery and Royal Park

Secondary sources and aerial photographs do not constitute a sound basis for decision-making in relation to the cultural values of Melbourne General Cemetery and Royal Park; nor do they constitute a reliable basis for establishing the nature and extent of the physical risk to these cultural and heritage places.

Adequate performance requirements

For example, ‘prepare archival record of buildings and streetscapes to be demolished’ is not of any use in mitigating the impact of demolition. ‘Develop archaeological management plan if site is affected’ and ‘rectify damage if it occurs’ are approaches that do not seek to prevent or even mitigate damage before it occurs. The CIS overrates both the availability and the likelihood of measures to mitigate the impact of the EWL on heritage and cultural issues. Even with recommended additional performance requirements, potential impacts can only be mitigated ‘to a greater or lesser degree’, while others cannot be mitigated at all. This should be concerning for the Committee.

Sufficient consideration of impacts on “out of scope” areas of significance including the Zoo and ANZAC hall

- Chapter 9 and Appendix G of the CIS, which are meant to address heritage and cultural impacts, note that the Melbourne Zoo is an individual site of heritage significance and is in Royal Park but outside the actual project boundary. Some of the Zoo’s history is provided. That is all. Possible impacts on the Zoo are not examined, presumably because it does not fall within the actual boundary of the project, even though it will be subject to years of being on the periphery of a construction zone and suffer directly post construction with elevated levels of traffic and disturbance. ANZAC hall will be within 200 metres of an open cut construction zone with heavy machinery yet is given cursory assurances that it is out of harm’s way.

Complete assessment-1

Section 49A of the Aboriginal Heritage Act 2006 requires a cultural heritage management plan (CHMP) to be prepared if a comprehensive impact statement is required under the Major Transport Projects Facilitation Act 2009. Andrew Long and Associates is currently preparing a CHMP for the East West Link – Eastern Section. Until the CHMP is complete the CIS remains incomplete; until full consultation of the appropriate Aboriginal representatives has been completed and acted upon, the Committee is in no position to make recommendations;

Independent assessment-2

There is apparent conflict of interest in the approvals process for other cultural heritage issues, as the Planning Minister has replaced the Executive Director and Heritage Victoria as decision-maker for his own projects;

The cultural heritage assessment was prepared for Government against Government Terms of Reference and based on Government information